Nursing the Elderly   Every day, the population of elderly in US increases by the thousands. How will their needs be met in the future? What programs and services will they have access to? Will they live in nursing homes or will they benefit from home care? If they'll live in nursing homes, how will their life be? Many of the elderly are disabled or suffer from chronic illnesses, and as their number grows it will be crucial to understand how to deliver affordable and accessible healthcare that will meet their needs, and how to make nursing homes pleasant places to live in.  Over a span of several months I worked on a project about elderly care and visited four elderly living in different situations and participating in different health and social programs – two in a nursing home and two supported by programs that let them continue living at home. Barry and Doris live in The New Jewish Home in Manhattan, New York City, a nursing home that offers a lot of activities to the residents. Katy lives at home in a town north of Detroit and participated in a project MiCapable that sends healthcare professionals several times to participant's homes within a set period of time. Walter has been visiting SpiriTrust Lutheran's LIFE Center in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania twice a week for the last four years and is visited at his rural home once a week by a homecare aide from LIFE.  For Barry and Doris living in a nursing home is the only option and they appreciate the variety of services The New Jewish Home offers, from medical to musical. They made new friends and have an active life. Katy and Walter still live at home. They feel and hope that the programs they participate in will help them stay there as long as possible.  *This project was supported with Rita and Alex Hillman Foundation Fellowship  Barry has bandages on his feet changed almost every night at 4.30am.
  Living with Polio in Northern Nigeria   In August 2016, four new cases of wild poliovirus were reported in Nigeria's Borno State, in areas affected by Boko Haram insurgency. Polio paralyses it's victims and there is no cure for it. The only way to fight it is to vaccinate all the children, a difficult task in areas threatened by rebels. New cases were the first cases since July 2014. If Nigeria can go three years without a new poliovirus case, it will be declared a non-endemic country. That date has now been pushed from July 2017 to August 2019, but only if no new cases are found in the meantime. The stakes are high - polio will remain a threat until it is completely eradicated.  Still, Nigeria has achieved a lot. In 2008 it reported the most new polio cases in the world. The majority of new infections were concentrated around Kano, a major city in the predominantly Muslim north of the country. Once the government, traditional and religious leaders stepped together, the reluctance to vaccinations slowly eroded. Still, thousands of people now live with life-long disabilities caused by polio. Some of the polio victims have self-organized and they continue to inform the public about the importance of immunization, persuade parents to send their crippled children to school and to provide training in different vocational trades to victims who can now earn a living with their work. And for entertainment they invented para-soccer.  Photo: A schoolmate carries Adamu Yusif who is unable to walk due to polio to the classroom on the second floor of their primary school in Kano. Buildings and sidewalks in Kano are mostly not adjusted for the physically handicapped.
  eRwanda   In recent years Rwanda has made an enormous progress in internet coverage. Internet cafes are around every corner, telecenters - computer centers where people can use computers for free - can be found in remotest towns, and an ICT bus travels around the country providing free internet and computer training.  Local administrators learning Microsoft Office during computer training on ICT bus in Kabaya, Rwanda.